Original leaf from a manuscript Spanish Antiphonal on animal parchment. (600 x 400mm – 23 ¾ x 15 ¾’’) The manuscript text and music (seven lines of music on a red five-line stave) were beautifully executed by hand in black ink with rubrics in red over 400 years ago!!!
Seville, 1612 - Signed and dated by the scribe on the frontis “Simon Rodriguez Caravallo…en la ciudad de Sevilla, Anno domine 1612”.
One illuminated initial in red; two knot-work (cadel) initials.
This leaf concludes the Feast of St. Augustine and opens the Feast of St. Felix. The text continues part of Psalm 20 (King James 21) 4: “[Posuisti] domine…” (O Lord, thou hast set on his head a crown of precious stones).
The red illuminated “S” begins part of Ecclesiasticus (King James Sirach) 44: 15, 14: “Sapientiam…” (Let the people show forth the wisdom of the saints, and the Church declare their praise: and their names shall live unto generation and generation).
The knot-work “E” begins Psalm 32 (King James 33) 1: “Exultate…” (Rejoice in the Lord, O ye just: praise becometh the upright). The knot-work “G” begins the Glory Be: “Gloria…” (Glory be to the Father…).
As is usual with Medieval and Renaissance parchment, the hair side of the leaf is darker than the flesh side, but may take ink somewhat better. The differences in tone caused scribes to arrange their quires so that the hair side of one sheet faced the hair side of the next, and the flesh side faced the flesh side.
Antiphonals contain chants for the canonical hours of the Divine Office: first vespers or the vigil of great feasts, matins, lauds, prime, terce, sext, none, vespers and compline.