Original leaf from a manuscript Spanish Antiphonal on animal parchment. (600 x 400mm – 23 ¾ x 15 ¾’’)
The manuscript text and music (seven lines of music on a red five-line stave) were beautifully executed by hand in black ink with rubrics in red over 400 years ago!!!
Seville, 1612 - Signed and dated by the scribe on the frontis “Simon Rodriguez Caravallo…en la ciudad de Sevilla, Anno domine 1612”.
One illuminated initial in red; one elaborate knot-work (cadel) initial.
This leaf concludes the Feast of St. Lawrence and begins the Feast of St. Bartholomew. Line one continues Matthew 16:24: “[Qui volt venere] post me abneget…” ([If any man will come] after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross and follow me).
The illuminated “M” begins Psalm 138 (King James 139) 17:”Mihi autem nimis…” (But to me thy friends, O God, are made exceedingly honorable: their principality is exceedingly strengthened).
The knot-work “D” continues verses 1-2: “Domine probasti me…” (Lord thou hast proved me, and known me: thou hast known my sitting down, and my rising…).
As is usual with Medieval and Renaissance parchment, the hair side of the leaf is darker than the flesh side, but may take ink somewhat better. The differences in tone caused scribes to arrange their quires so that the hair side of one sheet faced the hair side of the next, and the flesh side faced the flesh side.
Antiphonals contain chants for the canonical hours of the Divine Office: first vespers or the vigil of great feasts, matins, lauds, prime, terce, sext, none, vespers and compline.