"Pawnee Medicine Man - Ari-wa-kis"
Original gravure, published in Philadelphia, c. 1913-25, from images compiled by Rodman Wanamaker in collaboration with Dr. J.K. Dixon. Image size: 5 3/4 x 4 3/8''
The purpose of the Wanamaker Expeditions to the West was “not discovery or scientific study but an attempt to save the Indians from cultural extinction” (P. R. Fleming & J. Luskey: The North American Indians in Early Photographs, p.216).
Wanamaker became prominent by photographing the last great Indian Council in 1909. Eminent chiefs from nearly every area of the United States, and the surviving warriors and scouts of the Custer battle, met at the Valley of the Little Big Horn.
In 1913, Mountain Chief, a Blackfoot, gave Wanamaker a necklace of buffalo teeth and named him “High Crow”, an honor never bestowed on a white man by this tribe. In the Resolution passed October 9, 1915 at the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco, Wanamaker is given credit for laying the foundation for the citizenship of the Indian by his research and philanthropic endeavors.
Presented in an archival 14 x 11'' mat