“JOHNSON'S GEORGETOWN AND THE CITY OF WASHINGTON THE CAPITAL OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA” New York: Johnson and Ward, c. 1862. Lithographed map with original hand-coloring.(Image: 12 ¼ x 15 ¼ ’’)
This map, published while the Civil War was in progress, depicts the Capital City and Georgetown. Major buildings and streets are identified.
Also included are vignettes of the “SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION”, “THE CAPITOL” (showing the enlarged building with the new iron dome completed - though it was not finished until the end of the Civil War) and “WASHINGTON MONUMENT” (the proposed version - not completed until 1884!).
Washington remained vulnerable throughout the Civil War (Virginia lay directly across the Potomac, and Maryland, though it did not join the Confederacy, was home to many Southern sympathizers). In July 1864, a rebel surprise attack, led by Jubal Early, threw the population and politicians into panic. Despite a string of forts surrounding the city, Federal troops remained hard-pressed to defend the capitol from a Confederate advance from the Shenandoah Valley.